Also Known As
Holy thistle, marythisle, St. Mary's thistle, Marian Thistle, Milk Thistle
Southern Europe, North Africa, Middle East
Traditional Use and Health Benefits
Typical UsesMilk thistle Herbal tincture- 1:3 extraction ratio 45% alcohol vol. 1-2ml up to 3 times per day Milk thistle Herbal powder- 1/3 - 2/3 grams Herbal powder up to 3 times per day Or as recommended by a herbal practitioner
Folklore and HistoryPliny, a first century A.D. Roman naturalist, stated that Milk Thistle was "excellent for carrying off bile". In other words, it restores impaired liver functions. Milk thistle supplies an antidote to the death cap mushroom (Amanita phalloides), which kills its victims by destroying liver cells. Ancients believed that the white veins that mottled the leaves of milk thistle represented drops of the Virgin Mary's milk, fallen there when she nursed baby Jesus.
ConstituentsMilk thistle seeds contain a bioflavonoid complex known as silymarin.. Silymarin is made up of three parts: silibinin, silidianin, and silicristin. Silibinin is the most active and is largely responsible for the benefits attributed to silymarin
Can cause an allergic reaction, occasionally people report a laxative, upset stomach effect.